Bibliographical Essay

Thomas Pepys was a commoner in a time of great societal upheaval. While he was a craftsmen and somewhat learned, he did not attain any level of equality until he joined the New Model Army. Sources concerning the New Model Army, such as the work of Battlefield’s Trust, helped to develop an understanding concerning Thomas’s mentality on new technology, such as the wheel-lock pistol, and the capabilities that the new technology allowed for in battle. Tim Lambert’s work on daily life in England helped to identify how Thomas would have viewed the tedious grammar school, the lucrative apprenticeship to a blacksmith, London and its architectural layout, the local food, and the various outbursts of the plague. Ben Johnson’s article concerning the London fire of 1666 helped to capture the hopelessness inherent within Thomas as four fifths of the city burnt to the ground only a year after a very serious outbreak of the plague. The work of S.F. Mason in Science and Religion in the 17th Century England helped to determine exactly how John’s conversion to the Puritan belief system would have affected him and the societal factors that led to the reasonableness of this decision. Godfrey Davie’s inclusion of a journal kept by John Rushmore, secretary to the general Sir Thomas Fairfax, sheds light on how Thomas’s time in the New Model Army affected his mentality, both as a professional soldier and as a member of one of the first heavily organized military forces of the region. The work of Edward Toby Terrar regarding the English Catholic community during the 1640s helps to explain Thomas’s opinion of the Catholic community in England, not as gentry but rather as mostly working class people. Ronald Edward Zupko’s dictionary concerning the weights and measures of the British Isles informs on how Thomas’s perception of measurement became more complex as he developed into a skilled craftsman. The work of Andrew Pettegree in Brand Luther lends support to the impact of both printed works and religious reformation on Thomas throughout his life.

Blackmore, David J. Arms & Armour of the English Civil Wars. London: Royal Armouries, 1990.

Davies, Godfrey. "The Formation of the New Model Army." The English Historical Review 56, no. 221 (1941): 103-05.

Johnson, Ben. "Great Fire of London 1666." Historic UK. Accessed October 05, 2017.

Lambert, Tim. "DAILY LIFE IN 17TH CENTURY ENGLAND." Life in the 17th Century. 2017. Accessed October 05, 2017.

Mason, S. F. "Science and Religion in 17th Century England." Past & Present, no. 3 (1953): 28-44.

Pettegree, Andrew. Brand Luther: 1517, Printing, and the Making of the Reformation. New York: Penguin, 2016.

Terrar, Edward Toby. "Gentry Royalists or Independent Diggers? The Nature of the English Catholic Community in the Civil War Period of the 1640s." Science & Society 57, no. 3 (1993): 313-48.

Zupko, Ronald Edward. British Weights & Measures: A History from Antiquity to the Seventeenth Century. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1977.

Bibliographical Essay